Birth of Kazi Nazrul Islam
24th May, 1899
Kazi Nazrul Islam was born in the village of Churulia in Asansol subdivision in the Burdwan District of Bengal Presidency (now in West Bengal, India). He was born in a Muslim Taluqdar family and was the second of three sons and a daughter, Nazrul's father Kazi Fakir Ahmad was the imam and caretaker of the local mosque and mausoleum. Nazrul's mother was Zaheda Khatun. Nazrul had two brothers, Kazi Sahebjan and Kazi Ali Hossain, and a sister, Umme-Kulsam.
Nazrul's father died
20th March, 1908
Nazrul's father, Kazi Fakir Ahmad died.
Nazrul passed lower primary examination
At the age of ten, Nazrul passed the lower primary examination from a village Maktab (elementary school in Arabic).
Nazrul's first job
Nazrul had to work in his father's place as a caretaker of the mosque to support his family, as well as assist teachers in school.
Nazrul joined in Leto troupe
Attracted to folk theatre, Nazrul joined a leto (travelling theatrical group) run by his uncle. He worked and travelled with them, learnt to act, as well as wrote songs and poems for the plays and musicals. Through his work and experiences, Nazrul began learning Bengali and Sanskrit literature, as well as Hindu scriptures such as the Puranas. Nazrul composed many folk plays for his group.
Nazrul's enrolment in Shiarshole Raj High School
Nazrul left the troupe and enrolled at the Searsole Raj High School in Raniganj. He later transferred to class six at the Mathrun High English School, studying under the headmaster and poet Kumudranjan Mallik. Unable to continue paying his school fees, Nazrul left the school.
Nazrul joined in Kabigaan group
Nazrul joined a Kabigaan (a form of Bengali folk performance where folk poets write and sing folk song in a group) group.
Nazrul worked in a bakery shop
Nazrul left the job for baburchi and joined in a bakery shop run by Abdul Wahid at Asansol
Nazrul was admitted to school for the second time
Nazrul was admitted to class eight in Searsole Raj High School. Here he made lifelong friendship with fellow author Sailajananda Mukhopadhyay, who was his classmate.
Influence of Bengal Freedom movement on Nazrul
First photograph of Nazrul at the age of 17
In Searsole Raj High School he was influenced by his teacher revolutionary and Jugantar activist Nibaran Chandra Ghatak.
Nazrul joined the army
After taking the pre-test examination he left the school and enlisted himself in the Indian Army at the age of eighteen. As a soldier of the 49th Bengal Regiment, he was posted to the cantonment in Karachi.
Byather Daan – First prose
Nazrul wrote his first prose, Byather Daan in Karachi cantonment.
Baunduler Atmakahini – First published prose
Kazi Nazrul Islam's first published prose was Baunduler Atmakahini which was published in Saugat magazine, Jaishtha issue.
Mukti – First published poem
Nazrul's first poem, Mukti, was published in Bangiya Musalman Sahitya magazine, Shravana issue. Nazrul initially gave the name of the poem Kshama, later the editor of the magazine changed it to Mukti.
Turk Mohilaar Ghomta Khola – First published article
Nazrul's first article, Turk Mohilaar Ghomta Khola, was published in Saugat, Kartik issue.
Nazrul became unemployed
Kazi Nazrul Islam as Havildar
Kazi Nazrul Islam became unemployed once the 49th Bengal Regiment was dismissed.
Nazrul made a contract with Moslem Bharat
Afzal-ul-Haque, editor of Moslem Bharat, made a contract with Kazi Nazrul Islam that Nazrul will get Rs. 100 per month and in return he will write only for Moslem Bharat.
Nazrul left the job for Nabayug
Nazrul left the job for Nabayug and went to Comilla (a district in Bangladesh).
Nazrul got married
17th June, 1921
Nazrul married Nargis, the niece of a well-known Muslim publisher, Ali Akbar Khan. At this time he wrote plenty of poems and songs.
First meeting with Rabindranath Tagore
Kazi Nazrul Islam went to Santiniketan with Muhammad Shahidullah, a Bangladeshi educationist, writer, philologist and linguist, and came in contact with Rabindranath Tagore.
Nazrul wrote Bidrohi
Nazrul wrote the well known poem Bidrohi.
Nazrul started a bi-weekly magazine – Dhumketu
11th August, 1922
Kazi Nazrul Islam started publishing a bi-weekly magazine called Dhumketu from 32, College Street office. In this first issue of Dhumketu Nazrul wrote his famous poem Dhumketu.
26th September, 1922
Nazrul wrote the famous poem Anondomoyeer Agomone in the Sharadiya issue of Dhumketu.
Dhumketur Path – An article by Nazrul
13th October, 1922
Dhumketur Path, an article written by Nazrul and published in Dhumketu where he demanded complete independence from the British Rule.
25th October, 1922
Nazrul published his own anthology of poems – Agnibina with the cover page drawing by Abananindranath Tagore, the leading personality of Modern Indian Painting.
21st Issue of Dhumketu
10th November, 1922
During the publishing of the twenty first edition of Dhumketu, an arrest warrant is issued against Nazrul on charges of sedition. Nazrul went to Comilla (now a district in Bangladesh).
Nazrul was arrested
23rd November, 1922
Nazrul was arrested in Comilla.
Nazrul was presented in the Court
25th November, 1922
Kazi Nazrul Islam was presented in Calcutta (now Kolkata) Bankshall Court.
7th January, 1923
Nazrul writes Rajbandir Jabanbandi (Deposition of a Political Prisoner) while awaiting trial in Presidency Jail, Calcutta (now Kolkata).
Nazrul got one year of imprisonment
16th January, 1923
Chief Presidency Magistrate Mick Swinho gave one year of hard labour imprisonment to Kazi Nazrul Islam.
Nazrul was sent to Alipore Central Jail
17th January, 1923
In the next morning Nazrul was sent to Alipore Central Jail.
Tagore dedicated the play Basanta to Nazrul
22nd February, 1923
Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore dedicated his play Basanta to Nazrul when Nazrul was in Alipore Central Jail.
Nazrul was sent to Hooghly Jail
14th April, 1923
Nazrul was sent to Hooghly Jail from Alipore Central Jail.
Nazrul started hunger strike
15th April, 1923
Protesting about the mistreatment of political prisoners by the jail, Nazrul started hunger strike.
Nazrul continued hunger strike for forty days
23rd May, 1923
Eminent personalities like Rabindranath Tagore, Saratchandra Chattapadhyay, Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das requested Nazrul to give up hunger strike, but Nazrul stayed on hunger strike for forty days.
Nazrul was taken to Baharampur Central Jail
18th July, 1923
Nazrul was sent to Baharampur Central Jail as a special prisoner.
Nazrul was released from jail
15th December, 1923
Nazrul was released from Baharampur Central Jail. He went back to Comilla (a district in Bangladesh).
Nazrul was felicitated by Shishir Kumar Bhaduri and his group
9th April, 1924
Kazi Nazrul Islam was felicitated by the pioneer of modern Bengali theatre, Shishir Kumar Bhaduri and his group at Alfred Hall.
Nazrul married Pramila Devi
24th April, 1924
Kazi Nazril Islam and Pramila Devi
Nazrul married Pramila Sengupta, daughter of Giribala Devi. Pramila Devi belonged to Brahmo Samaj. She was criticised by the Brahmo Samaj and Nazrul was criticised by Muslim religious leaders for this marriage.
Bisher Banshi published
10th August, 1924
Bisher Banshi, an anthology of poems by Kazi Nazrul Islam, was published.
Bhanger Gaan published
10th August, 1924
Bhanger Gaan, an anthology of poems by Kazi Nazrul Islam, was published.
Demise of Krishna Mohammad
Krishna Mohammad, Nazrul's first son, died.
Nazrul met Mahatma Gandhi
Kazi Nazrul Islam met Mahatma Gandhi in Faridpur at the Congress Regional Meeting.
Langol journal published
16th December, 1925
Langol, the journal of Kazi Nazrul Islam
The first issue of Langol was published. Nazrul wrote a set of poems in the name of Samyabadi in this first issue.
Nazrul wrote and sung Chatradaler Gaan
Nazrul wrote a song Chatradaler Gaan for the youth and students' meet at Krishnanagar. The poet himself sung the song at the inauguration of the meeting.
Arindam Khaled was born
9th September, 1926
Arindam Khaled, nicknamed Bulbul, Nazrul's second son was born.
Kazi Nazrul Islam's mother died
30th May, 1927
Kazi Nazrul Islam' mother, Zaheda Khatun, died.
Nazrul wrote the song Chal Chal Chal
Nazrul wrote the song Chal Chal Chal for the second annual meeting of Muslim Literature Society held in Dhaka (currently the capital of Bangladesh).
National Civic Reception for Nazrul
15th December, 1929
At the age of thirty, a grand National Civic Reception for Nazrul was held at Albert Hall, Calcutta (now Kolkata), organized by the Saogat Sahitya Majlis (Saogat Literary Society). The programme was presided by the eminent Bengali chemist, educator and entrepreneur, Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, the celebrated political leader and freedom fighter, was present as the chief guest at the programme.
Demise of Arindam Khaled
7th May, 1930
Kazi Nazrul Islam's second son, Arindam Khaled nicknamed Bulbul died.
Nazrul was arrested
6th November, 1930
Nazrul was arrested on sedition charges.
Nazrul was sentenced to 6 months’ imprisonment
16th December, 1930
British Government punished Nazrul with six months of hard labour imprisonment.
Kazi Nazrul Islam acted in the film Bhakta Dhruba
Nazrul in the role of Narad
Nazrul was associated with the film industry as well as theatre. He played the role of Narad (Narad is believed to be ancient India's most travelled sage with the ability to visit distant worlds and realms) in the feature film Bhakta Dhruba. He was also the music director of this film. Out of eighteen songs used in this film, seventeen were written by Nazrul himself.
Nazrul started a gramophone record shop named Kalgeeti
Nazrul started a gramophone record (a disc shaped analogue sound recording medium) shop named Kalgeeti on Vivekananda Road, Calcutta (now Kolkata).
Bhakta Dhruba released
1st January, 1935
The film Bhakta Dhruba was released in Crown Talkies (currently known as Uttara).
Kalgeeti was sold in auction
Nazrul's gramophone record shop, Kalgeeti was sold in auction.
Pramila Nazrul Islam became paralytic
Pramila Nazrul Islam, wife of Kazi Nazrul Islam became paralytic.
Recitation of the poem Rabihara
7th August, 1941
Kazi Nazrul Islam wrote and recited the poem Rabihara which was a live broadcast from All India Radio, Calcutta (now Kolkata) just after death of Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore.
Nazrul fell ill
10th July, 1942
Nazrul fell seriously ill and gradually began losing his power of speech.
Nazrul was admitted to mental hospital
25th October, 1942
Nazrul was admitted to Lumbini Park Mental hospital, Calcutta (now Kolkata).
Nazrul Niramay Samiti was formed
Nazrul Niramay Samiti was formed, which was presided by Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, the politician, barrister and academician, who served as the Minister for Industry and Supply in Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet after independence of India.
Calcutta University felicitated Nazrul
Calcutta University felicitated Nazrul with Jagattarini Gold Medal.
India became independent
15th August, 1947
India became independent from British Rule.
Nazrul and his wife were sent to Ranchi Mental Hospital
25th July, 1952
Kazi Nazrul Islam and his wife Pramila Devi were sent to Ranchi Mental Hospital. But they were sent back in the same condition after four months of treatment.
Nazrul and his wife were sent to England
10th May, 1953
Nazrul and his wife were sent to England for treatment.
Nazrul was sent to Vienna
7th December, 1953
After staying for six months in London, the poet and his wife were sent to Vienna, capital of Austria.
Nazrul was back in Kolkata
14th December, 1953
Kazi Nazrul Islam and his wife were back to Kolkata from Rome.
Bidrohi Kabi Kazi Nazrul Islam – A Documentary
The documentary on Nazul – Bidrohi Kabi Kazi Nazrul Islam – was started under the initiative of the West Bengal Government.
The documatary was released
Bidrohi Kabi Kazi Nazrul Islam was released.
Pramila Devi died
30th June, 1962
Kazi Nazrul Islam's wife, Pramila Devi, died.
Bangladesh Government was formed
Bangladesh Government was formed in Dhaka, capital of Bangladesh.
Bangladesh Government invited Nazrul
24th May, 1972
Bangladesh Government invited Nazrul to Dhaka.
Nazrul's birthday was celebrated
25th May, 1972
Nazrul's seventy third birthday was celebrated in Bangladesh.
Kazi Aniruddha, Nazrul's youngest son, died
22nd February, 1974
Nazrul's youngest son, Kazi Aniruddha, died.
Dhaka University felicitated Nazrul
25th January, 1975
Dhaka University, Bangladesh felicitated Nazrul with honorary Doctor of Letters (D.Litt.).
Nazrul was affected with Bronchopneumonia
27th August, 1976
Nazrul's health condition deteriorated. He was affected with Bronchopneumonia.
The poet breathed his last
29th August, 1976
Kazi Nazrul Islam at his old age
At 9:40 AM in the morning the rebel poet Kazi Nazrul Islam left the mortal world.