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Nazrul Tirtha, a Cultural Centre at Rajarhat (a project by HIDCO )

Life of Nazrul

Birth of Kazi Nazrul Islam

24th May, 1899

Family Tree Kazi Nazrul Islam was born in the village of Churulia in Asansol subdivision in the Burdwan District of Bengal Presidency (now in West Bengal, India). He was born in a Muslim Taluqdar family and was the second of three sons and a daughter, Nazrul's father Kazi Fakir Ahmad was the imam and caretaker of the local mosque and mausoleum. Nazrul's mother was Zaheda Khatun. Nazrul had two brothers, Kazi Sahebjan and Kazi Ali Hossain, and a sister, Umme-Kulsam.

Nazrul's father died

20th March, 1908

Nazrul's father, Kazi Fakir Ahmad died.

Nazrul passed lower primary examination


At the age of ten, Nazrul passed the lower primary examination from a village Maktab (elementary school in Arabic).

Nazrul's first job


Nazrul had to work in his father's place as a caretaker of the mosque to support his family, as well as assist teachers in school.

Nazrul joined in Leto troupe


Attracted to folk theatre, Nazrul joined a leto (travelling theatrical group) run by his uncle. He worked and travelled with them, learnt to act, as well as wrote songs and poems for the plays and musicals. Through his work and experiences, Nazrul began learning Bengali and Sanskrit literature, as well as Hindu scriptures such as the Puranas. Nazrul composed many folk plays for his group.

Nazrul's enrolment in Shiarshole Raj High School


Nazrul left the troupe and enrolled at the Searsole Raj High School in Raniganj. He later transferred to class six at the Mathrun High English School, studying under the headmaster and poet Kumudranjan Mallik. Unable to continue paying his school fees, Nazrul left the school.

Nazrul joined in Kabigaan group


Nazrul joined a Kabigaan (a form of Bengali folk performance where folk poets write and sing folk song in a group) group.

Nazrul worked in a bakery shop


Nazrul left the job for baburchi and joined in a bakery shop run by Abdul Wahid at Asansol

Nazrul was admitted to school for the second time

February, 1915

Nazrul was admitted to class eight in Searsole Raj High School. Here he made lifelong friendship with fellow author Sailajananda Mukhopadhyay, who was his classmate.

Influence of Bengal Freedom movement on Nazrul


First photograph of Nazrul at the age of 17 In Searsole Raj High School he was influenced by his teacher revolutionary and Jugantar activist Nibaran Chandra Ghatak.

Nazrul joined the army


After taking the pre-test examination he left the school and enlisted himself in the Indian Army at the age of eighteen. As a soldier of the 49th Bengal Regiment, he was posted to the cantonment in Karachi.

Byather Daan – First prose


Nazrul wrote his first prose, Byather Daan in Karachi cantonment.

Baunduler Atmakahini – First published prose

May, 1919

Kazi Nazrul Islam's first published prose was Baunduler Atmakahini which was published in Saugat magazine, Jaishtha issue.

Mukti – First published poem

July, 1919

Nazrul's first poem, Mukti, was published in Bangiya Musalman Sahitya magazine, Shravana issue. Nazrul initially gave the name of the poem Kshama, later the editor of the magazine changed it to Mukti.

Turk Mohilaar Ghomta Khola – First published article

November, 1919

Nazrul's first article, Turk Mohilaar Ghomta Khola, was published in Saugat, Kartik issue.

Nazrul became unemployed

March, 1920

Kazi Nazrul Islam as Havildar Kazi Nazrul Islam became unemployed once the 49th Bengal Regiment was dismissed.

Nazrul made a contract with Moslem Bharat

December, 1920

Afzal-ul-Haque, editor of Moslem Bharat, made a contract with Kazi Nazrul Islam that Nazrul will get Rs. 100 per month and in return he will write only for Moslem Bharat.

Nazrul left the job for Nabayug

March, 1921

Nazrul left the job for Nabayug and went to Comilla (a district in Bangladesh).

Nazrul got married

17th June, 1921

Nazrul married Nargis, the niece of a well-known Muslim publisher, Ali Akbar Khan. At this time he wrote plenty of poems and songs.

First meeting with Rabindranath Tagore

October, 1921

Kazi Nazrul Islam went to Santiniketan with Muhammad Shahidullah, a Bangladeshi educationist, writer, philologist and linguist, and came in contact with Rabindranath Tagore.

Nazrul wrote Bidrohi

December, 1921

Nazrul wrote the well known poem Bidrohi.

Nazrul started a bi-weekly magazine – Dhumketu

11th August, 1922

Kazi Nazrul Islam started publishing a bi-weekly magazine called Dhumketu from 32, College Street office. In this first issue of Dhumketu Nazrul wrote his famous poem Dhumketu.

Anondomoyeer Agomone

26th September, 1922

Nazrul wrote the famous poem Anondomoyeer Agomone in the Sharadiya issue of Dhumketu.

Dhumketur Path – An article by Nazrul

13th October, 1922

Dhumketur Path, an article written by Nazrul and published in Dhumketu where he demanded complete independence from the British Rule.

Agnibina published

25th October, 1922

Nazrul published his own anthology of poems – Agnibina with the cover page drawing by Abananindranath Tagore, the leading personality of Modern Indian Painting.

21st Issue of Dhumketu

10th November, 1922

During the publishing of the twenty first edition of Dhumketu, an arrest warrant is issued against Nazrul on charges of sedition. Nazrul went to Comilla (now a district in Bangladesh).

Nazrul was arrested

23rd November, 1922

Nazrul was arrested in Comilla.

Nazrul was presented in the Court

25th November, 1922

Kazi Nazrul Islam was presented in Calcutta (now Kolkata) Bankshall Court.

Rajbandir Jabanbandi

7th January, 1923

Nazrul writes Rajbandir Jabanbandi (Deposition of a Political Prisoner) while awaiting trial in Presidency Jail, Calcutta (now Kolkata).

Nazrul got one year of imprisonment

16th January, 1923

Chief Presidency Magistrate Mick Swinho gave one year of hard labour imprisonment to Kazi Nazrul Islam.

Nazrul was sent to Alipore Central Jail

17th January, 1923

In the next morning Nazrul was sent to Alipore Central Jail.

Tagore dedicated the play Basanta to Nazrul

22nd February, 1923

Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore dedicated his play Basanta to Nazrul when Nazrul was in Alipore Central Jail.

Nazrul was sent to Hooghly Jail

14th April, 1923

Nazrul was sent to Hooghly Jail from Alipore Central Jail.

Nazrul started hunger strike

15th April, 1923

Protesting about the mistreatment of political prisoners by the jail, Nazrul started hunger strike.

Nazrul continued hunger strike for forty days

23rd May, 1923

Eminent personalities like Rabindranath Tagore, Saratchandra Chattapadhyay, Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das requested Nazrul to give up hunger strike, but Nazrul stayed on hunger strike for forty days.

Nazrul was taken to Baharampur Central Jail

18th July, 1923

Nazrul was sent to Baharampur Central Jail as a special prisoner.

Nazrul was released from jail

15th December, 1923

Nazrul was released from Baharampur Central Jail. He went back to Comilla (a district in Bangladesh).

Nazrul was felicitated by Shishir Kumar Bhaduri and his group

9th April, 1924

Kazi Nazrul Islam was felicitated by the pioneer of modern Bengali theatre, Shishir Kumar Bhaduri and his group at Alfred Hall.

Nazrul married Pramila Devi

24th April, 1924

Kazi Nazril Islam and Pramila Devi Nazrul married Pramila Sengupta, daughter of Giribala Devi. Pramila Devi belonged to Brahmo Samaj. She was criticised by the Brahmo Samaj and Nazrul was criticised by Muslim religious leaders for this marriage.

Bisher Banshi published

10th August, 1924

Bisher Banshi, an anthology of poems by Kazi Nazrul Islam, was published.

Bhanger Gaan published

10th August, 1924

Bhanger Gaan, an anthology of poems by Kazi Nazrul Islam, was published.

Demise of Krishna Mohammad

December, 1924

Krishna Mohammad, Nazrul's first son, died.

Nazrul met Mahatma Gandhi

May, 1925

Kazi Nazrul Islam met Mahatma Gandhi in Faridpur at the Congress Regional Meeting.

Langol journal published

16th December, 1925

Langol, the journal of Kazi Nazrul Islam The first issue of Langol was published. Nazrul wrote a set of poems in the name of Samyabadi in this first issue.

Nazrul wrote and sung Chatradaler Gaan

May, 1926

Nazrul wrote a song Chatradaler Gaan for the youth and students' meet at Krishnanagar. The poet himself sung the song at the inauguration of the meeting.

Arindam Khaled was born

9th September, 1926

Arindam Khaled, nicknamed Bulbul, Nazrul's second son was born.

Kazi Nazrul Islam's mother died

30th May, 1927

Kazi Nazrul Islam' mother, Zaheda Khatun, died.

Nazrul wrote the song Chal Chal Chal

March, 1928

Nazrul wrote the song Chal Chal Chal for the second annual meeting of Muslim Literature Society held in Dhaka (currently the capital of Bangladesh).

National Civic Reception for Nazrul

15th December, 1929

At the age of thirty, a grand National Civic Reception for Nazrul was held at Albert Hall, Calcutta (now Kolkata), organized by the Saogat Sahitya Majlis (Saogat Literary Society). The programme was presided by the eminent Bengali chemist, educator and entrepreneur, Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, the celebrated political leader and freedom fighter, was present as the chief guest at the programme.

Demise of Arindam Khaled

7th May, 1930

Kazi Nazrul Islam's second son, Arindam Khaled nicknamed Bulbul died.

Nazrul was arrested

6th November, 1930

Nazrul was arrested on sedition charges.

Nazrul was sentenced to 6 months’ imprisonment

16th December, 1930

British Government punished Nazrul with six months of hard labour imprisonment.

Kazi Nazrul Islam acted in the film Bhakta Dhruba

June, 1931

Nazrul in the role of Narad Nazrul was associated with the film industry as well as theatre. He played the role of Narad (Narad is believed to be ancient India's most travelled sage with the ability to visit distant worlds and realms) in the feature film Bhakta Dhruba. He was also the music director of this film. Out of eighteen songs used in this film, seventeen were written by Nazrul himself.

Nazrul started a gramophone record shop named Kalgeeti


Nazrul started a gramophone record (a disc shaped analogue sound recording medium) shop named Kalgeeti on Vivekananda Road, Calcutta (now Kolkata).

Bhakta Dhruba released

1st January, 1935

The film Bhakta Dhruba was released in Crown Talkies (currently known as Uttara).

Kalgeeti was sold in auction


Nazrul's gramophone record shop, Kalgeeti was sold in auction.

Pramila Nazrul Islam became paralytic


Pramila Nazrul Islam, wife of Kazi Nazrul Islam became paralytic.

Recitation of the poem Rabihara

7th August, 1941

Kazi Nazrul Islam wrote and recited the poem Rabihara which was a live broadcast from All India Radio, Calcutta (now Kolkata) just after death of Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore.

Nazrul fell ill

10th July, 1942

Nazrul fell seriously ill and gradually began losing his power of speech.

Nazrul was admitted to mental hospital

25th October, 1942

Nazrul was admitted to Lumbini Park Mental hospital, Calcutta (now Kolkata).

Nazrul Niramay Samiti was formed


Nazrul Niramay Samiti was formed, which was presided by Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, the politician, barrister and academician, who served as the Minister for Industry and Supply in Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet after independence of India.

Calcutta University felicitated Nazrul


Calcutta University felicitated Nazrul with Jagattarini Gold Medal.

India became independent

15th August, 1947

India became independent from British Rule.

Nazrul and his wife were sent to Ranchi Mental Hospital

25th July, 1952

Kazi Nazrul Islam and his wife Pramila Devi were sent to Ranchi Mental Hospital. But they were sent back in the same condition after four months of treatment.

Nazrul and his wife were sent to England

10th May, 1953

Nazrul and his wife were sent to England for treatment.

Nazrul was sent to Vienna

7th December, 1953

After staying for six months in London, the poet and his wife were sent to Vienna, capital of Austria.

Nazrul was back in Kolkata

14th December, 1953

Kazi Nazrul Islam and his wife were back to Kolkata from Rome.

Bidrohi Kabi Kazi Nazrul Islam – A Documentary


The documentary on Nazul – Bidrohi Kabi Kazi Nazrul Islam – was started under the initiative of the West Bengal Government.

The documatary was released

April, 1957

Bidrohi Kabi Kazi Nazrul Islam was released.

Pramila Devi died

30th June, 1962

Pramila Devi Kazi Nazrul Islam's wife, Pramila Devi, died.

Bangladesh Government was formed

December, 1971

Bangladesh Government was formed in Dhaka, capital of Bangladesh.

Bangladesh Government invited Nazrul

24th May, 1972

Bangladesh Government invited Nazrul to Dhaka.

Nazrul's birthday was celebrated

25th May, 1972

Nazrul's seventy third birthday was celebrated in Bangladesh.

Kazi Aniruddha, Nazrul's youngest son, died

22nd February, 1974

Nazrul's youngest son, Kazi Aniruddha, died.

Dhaka University felicitated Nazrul

25th January, 1975

Dhaka University, Bangladesh felicitated Nazrul with honorary Doctor of Letters (D.Litt.).

Nazrul was affected with Bronchopneumonia

27th August, 1976

Nazrul's health condition deteriorated. He was affected with Bronchopneumonia.

The poet breathed his last

29th August, 1976

Kazi Nazrul Islam at his old age At 9:40 AM in the morning the rebel poet Kazi Nazrul Islam left the mortal world.